[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index][Subject Index][Author Index]

Re: [dinosaur] An etymological question


I think what is going on with teuthis as well is:Â

teuthos (masculine gender with definite article ho), a calamary or squid of a larger kind than teuthis (feminine gender with a definite article he)


Greek had a third declension feminine suffix -is, with a long stem in the genitive case -idos. The word teuthis was formed from teuthos, it seems, with a feminine ending to indicate a smaller size.


However, zoological nomenclature has adopted teuthis as the standard name for squid or similar cephalopods regardless of size (Architeuthis, the giant squid, for example).

Ancient Greek used the feminine -is (-idos) ending in various names for animals, usually smaller in size.

nykteris "bat"Â

alopekis mongrel between fox and dog


Titan (masculine), Titanis (feminine)

ÂZoological nomenclature has also used -is from Greek, but the gender in actual usage is not always feminine. There are -is endings from Latin as well, but they can be masculine or feminine.

Virus-free. www.avg.com

On Thu, May 23, 2019 at 9:35 AM David Marjanovic <david.marjanovic@gmx.at> wrote:
> Greek teuthis, genitive teuthidos (stem teuthid-)

In other words, teuthis is teuthid-s; the -is would theoretically be -its, but Ancient Greek did not consider ts pronounceable (in stark contrast to ks and ps); all its expected occurrences surface as just s. (Modern Greek is full of ts, though still not at the ends of words.)

This also explains ornis, genitive ornithos: ornis is the automatic outcome of ornith-s.

The same holds for Latin, BTW.

Virus-free. www.avg.com